Facts & Figures: Criminal Justice and Health

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Note: These publications were published in 2021. For most-recent data, consult the data sources at the end of the publication.


Graphics

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Data points

 

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Connections between criminal justice and health

Key data findings

  • In 2019, Ohio had one of the highest adult imprisonment rates among all 50 states, ranking 39th with 430 adults per 100,000 population serving sentences in state or federal prisons.
  • Nationally and in Ohio, Black Americans are incarcerated in state prisons at more than five times the rate of white Americans.
  • Incarceration is costly for Ohio. It costs about $30,558 per year to incarcerate one person in a state prison, and Ohio taxpayers will spend nearly $1.5 billion dollars on state prison incarceration this year.
  • Lack of access to behavioral health treatment results in exacerbated addiction and mental health conditions and can lead to criminal justice involvement. In 2016-2017, 20% of Ohioans ages 18 and older did not receive needed mental health treatment or counseling.
  • Collateral sanctions are legal restrictions on the rights, benefits and opportunities of people who have been charged or convicted of crimes. When compared to other states and D.C., Ohio ranks 49 out of 51 for states with the most collateral sanctions.

Suggested citation: “Connections between criminal justice and health,” Health Policy Institute of Ohio, June 2021.


 

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Connections between criminal justice and health: Insights on justice and race

Key data findings

  • The drug arrest crime rate for Black Ohioans was 2.4 times higher than that for white Ohioans in 2020.
  • Black Ohioans making up 45% of the state prison population while only 17% of treatment court participants are Black.
  • On average, the cost of bail for Black defendants is $7,281 higher than for white defendants.

Suggested citation: “Connections between criminal justice and health: Insights on justice and race,” Health Policy Institute of Ohio, 2021.   


Cover photo of HPIO publication: Connections between criminal justice and health: Pretrial incarceration and the bail system.

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Connections between criminal justice and health: Pretrial incarceration and the bail system

Key data findings

  • More than 61% of people in Ohio jails are being held pretrial (12,592 Ohioans were incarcerated pretrial on June 30, 2018)
  • On average, the cost of bail for Black defendants in the U.S. is $7,281 higher than for white defendants
  • Pretrial incarceration costs Ohio taxpayers $266 million annually

Suggested citation: “Connections between criminal justice and health: Pretrial Incarceration and the bail system,” Health Policy Institute of Ohio, 2021.   

This brief was financially assisted by the Ohio State Bar Foundation.