Suicide in Ohio


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Note: This publication was published in February 2024. For most-recent data, consult the data sources at the end of the publication.



Data Points


Data Snapshot: Suicide in Ohio

Key data findings

  • In Ohio, approximately five people die by suicide every day
  • Suicide rates in Ohio vary greatly by county, with higher rates often found in Appalachian and rural counties. Vinton County had the highest rate, at 29.4 per 100,000 population. That is seven times higher than Holmes County, which had the lowest rate at 4.2.
  • More females attempt suicide than males, with the number of attempts increasing from 2020 to 2021. There was a slight decrease in attempts for males. 
  • Nearly 80% of suicide deaths in Ohio were among males in 2022. Deaths among females are increasing at a higher rate
  • In 2022, suicides involving a firearm accounted for more deaths than all other methods combined. Male suicide deaths (64%) are almost twice as likely as female suicide deaths (36%) to involve a firearm
  • White Ohioans die by suicide at the highest rate, Suicide deaths among Hispanic Ohioans have increased by 171% over the past 15 years and suicide deaths among Black Ohioans have increased by 83% 
  • More Ohio high school students reported mental health challenges in 2021 compared to 2019, but the increase among female students was much higher than among male students

Suggested citation: “Data Snapshot: Suicide in Ohio,” Health Policy Institute of Ohio, February 2024.