Line graph showing the annual number of deaths from all causes among working-age Ohioans 15-64 years old

Data Snapshot: Updated Death Trends among Working-age Ohioans (2023)

October 6, 2023

View Data Snapshot

Updated analysis

Ohioans between the ages of 15 and 64 are dying at a much higher rate than they were 15 years ago, according to new analysis from the Health Policy Institute of Ohio. These mostly preventable deaths have a tremendous impact on Ohio families, communities and society. In addition, the loss of a large number of working-age adults negatively affects Ohio’s economy and businesses.

The analysis, which is compiled in this updated HPIO data snapshot, found that there was a 32% increase in the annual number of working-age Ohioans who died from 2007 to 2022, even with a drop in deaths in 2022 as Ohio emerged from the pandemic. If the annual number of deaths had remained constant since 2007, 66,637 fewer working-age Ohioans would have died.

The leading cause of death for working-age adults remains unintentional injuries, which included unintentional drug overdoses and motor vehicle crashes. Unintentional drug overdose deaths continue to play a major role in Ohio’s increased death rate, accounting for 14% of all deaths among Ohioans ages 15-64 in 2022.

There are many effective strategies to address substance use, promote mental health and support access to healthy food and physical activity, all of which can help reduce deaths among working age Ohioans. Public and private partners can work together to ensure more Ohio workers have the opportunity to live a healthy and productive life.

What is included in each category of the leading causes of death?

HPIO used standardized categories from the CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics 113 Leading causes of death to conduct this analysis.  The ICD-10 codes included in the 113 leading causes of death categories are listed below. Mortality data has many limitations in how it is collected and reported. For more information, visit

Table with ICD-10 codes for each of the leading causes of death

HPIO resources