Policy Basics

Ohio Health Value Review– January 2020

June 18, 2020

To see the most current edition of the Ohio Health Value Review click here

January 2020

The Ohio Health Value Review is a quarterly electronic update from the Health Policy Institute of Ohio designed to strengthen connections between public health and healthcare partners in Ohio and highlight opportunities for different sectors to work together to improve health value in our state. If you have questions about the newsletter or have suggested tools or resources you would like to see included in future editions, please contact Nick Wiselogel, HPIO’s Vice President of Strategic Communications.

Health value graphic

In November, HPIO released its Ohio addiction policy inventory and scorecard: Law enforcementwhich reviews state-level policy changes related to law enforcement and the criminal justice system enacted in Ohio from 2013 to 2018.

The United States incarcerates people at a higher rate than any other country in the world, and Ohio has the 15th highest incarceration rate among the 50 states. Within the incarcerated population, there are large disparities. Nationally and in Ohio, African Americans are incarcerated in state prisons at more than five times the rate of whites. Additionally, black Ohioans are arrested for drug-related crimes at 2.5 times the rate of white Ohioans, despite similar rates of illicit drug use and substance use disorder nationally (see graphics below).

Health value resources

The 2019 Health Value Dashboard found that Ohio ranks 46 out of 50 states and the District of Columbia on health value, landing in the bottom quartile. This means that Ohioans are living less healthy lives and spending more on health care than people in most other states. In the Dashboard, HPIO prioritized nine evidence-based strategies that work to improve health value focused on:
  • Creating opportunities for all Ohio children to thrive
  • Investing upstream in employment, housing and transportation
  • Building and sustaining a high-quality addiction prevention, treatment and recovery system
The resources below provide additional information that can be used to improve health value in Ohio.

Population health and healthcare spending

Social and economic environment

Physical environment

State Health Improvement Plan (SHIP) priority topics

The 2017-2019 SHIP, facilitated by HPIO under contract with the Ohio Department of Health, lays out specific steps to achieve measurable improvements on key priorities. Below are resources that address those priority areas.

Mental health and addiction