Criminal Justice and Health

Criminal Justice and Health

HPIO is exploring the connections between criminal justice and health with guidance from a multi-sector advisory group. The research evidence is clear that poor mental health and addiction are risk factors for criminal justice involvement and that incarceration is detrimental to health. Obstacles to health and well-being are particularly striking for Ohioans who are at highest risk of criminal justice involvement. Still, improvement is possible. There are evidence-informed policy solutions to reduce incarceration and improve health in Ohio.

There are three briefs in the series:

  • The foundational brief, Connections between criminal justice and health, summarizes research on the complex connections between criminal justice and health, and outlines policy options to reduce incarceration and improve the health of Ohioans at highest risk for criminal justice involvement.
  • The second brief, Connections between criminal justice and health: Insights on justice and race, highlights the many ways that racism impacts criminal justice outcomes, and includes recommendations to improve institutional policies and procedures and reform structures and system.
  • The last brief in the series will be released in the spring of 2022 and will focus on the health, safety and well-being impacts of pretrial detention and the bail system.

The relationship between criminal justice and health

There is a two-way relationship between criminal justice and health. Mental health and addiction challenges can lead to arrest and incarceration, and incarceration contributes to poor behavioral and physical health for many Ohioans. In addition, racism and community conditions are foundational factors that contribute to both criminal justice involvement and poor health. Engagement with the criminal justice system impacts the health, safety and well-being of justice-involved people, their families and the broader community.

 


 Completed projects


Resources

  • Coming soon!

For more information about this project, please email Hailey Akah (hakah@hpio.net).