Guide to evidence-based prevention

The purpose of this guide is to help policymakers, community health improvement planners and philanthropy find effective strategies to prevent health problems, decrease health disparities and control healthcare costs.  The tools in this guide address three key questions:

  1. What is “evidence-based prevention”?
  2. What is the best way to find evidence-based strategies?
  3. What works to prevent Ohio’s greatest health challenges?

Navigating sources of evidence 

This policy brief defines “evidence-based prevention” and provides guidance on how to find the best-available sources of evidence for what works to prevent Ohio’s greatest health challenges.

Topic-specific evidence inventories and fact sheets

Evidence summary fact sheets

Each fact sheet briefly summarizes the outcomes and healthcare costs related to a specific health challenge.  The fact sheets also identify prevention strategies that are most likely to improve health and decrease disparities based on the strongest-available evidence, describe the extent to which each strategy is currently being implemented in Ohio and offer policy options for implementing or expanding the strategies.

Evidence inventories

Evidence inventories compile reviews of prevention strategies for specific topics.  The inventories provide a list of specific evidence-based strategies and indicate the strength of the research evidence and likely impact on health disparities for each strategy.

No smoking
Tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure

Healthy eating
Food security and healthy food access

Active living
Physical activity

Additional resources

Share the evidence inventories and fact sheets

We encourage you to share this guide widely with your community health improvement partners and other key decision makers.  Full color hard copies of the fact sheets and inventories are available upon request. Fill out the form below to order copies.
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